What is special about self-knowledge, compared to knowledge in other domains? Self-knowledge is thought to differ from other sorts of knowledge in one or more of the following ways. Self-knowledge is especially secure, epistemically.
Carson and her agent, Marie Rodell, knew they would receive a critical backlash for Silent Spring and worried about possibly being sued for libel by chemical companies. At that time, her thesis was controversial, and the burden of proof Silent spring essay thesis her.
She was battling cancer and had little strength for a prolonged fight with critics, so even before publication, she sent chapters around to experts to get their endorsement. When she attended the White House Conference on Conservation in Mayadvance copies of the book were given to delegates.
After the book was serialized in the New Yorker inand became a Book-of-the Month Club selection, publicity against DDT was intense, and the chemical companies such as Dupont and American Cyanamid responded. They were on the defensive because of the outcry over the drug thalidomide that had just been proven to cause birth defects.
Carson was attacked on the basis of her credentials because she was a marine biologist and not a chemist. She was called a fanatic. She was slandered by former secretary of agriculture Ezra Taft Benson as a communist, because of her personal life, including her unmarried status.
The chemical companies said she wanted a ban on all pesticides when she specifically denies this stand in the book.
She calls for minimum spraying of specific targets will full knowledge of side effects. A congressional review of pesticide dangers cleared her name. Though she received many speaking invitations, Carson was unable to accept because of her illness.
In she appeared on the Today Show and received many awards before her death in How did Carson influence the environmental movement? Thoreau already saw the wilderness vanishing with the heedless industrialization of the nineteenth century.
With religious zeal, he helped found the National Parks to preserve virgin lands from being destroyed by commercial interests.
These naturalists had a certain following, but they were a minority, and often characterized as cultists, a label some tried to put on Rachel Carson. Carson, on the other hand, wrote at a pivotal moment in the s, when the almost unregulated push of industry after World War II was having a devastating impact, not only on the wilderness, but also on the health of ordinary citizens.
She was a naturalist but also a scientist who had worked for the U. Her alarming thesis—that we are poisoning ourselves and the earth—was actually a message ready to be heard by a wider public.
It fueled the activism of both the general consumer and a budding environmental movement. After reading her documented cases of wildlife destruction and human illness from pesticides, it was no longer possible for the thinking public to buy the argument of industry that these practices were the necessary price of progress and science.
She inspired the philosophers of the deep ecology movement, such as Gary Snyder, who spoke of an underlying unity in nature that must be respected, and she inspired grassroots movements around the country with citizens rising up to defend their land against spraying.
Carson is also influential among ecofeminists, who see feminist and ecological issues allied the male conquering of nature vs. Environmental Protection Agency in to look out for the specific interests of the environment. In her book she points out that it had largely been governmental agencies, influenced by chemical lobbies, responsible for the mass sprayings.
Carson continued to come under fire for her stand on pesticides, since the opposing argument is that they controlled diseases like malaria, and they controlled pests for greater crop yields, necessary to alleviate world hunger. The truth is that DDT was never banned for anti-malaria use.
Carson pointed out the problem that mosquitoes become resistant to the spraying, so she advised spraying as little as possible until a better solution was found. What is the worldwide consensus on pesticides today? Although worldwide opinion on DDT and other pesticides has swung largely to the environmental side of the argument, it is still a hot issue among those who claim that insecticides save lives, as in the case of malaria control.
In the World Health Organization started a program to eradicate malaria with DDT, which was highly successful at first until overuse of agricultural DDT led to insect resistance.
The early success of DDT for malaria was thus reversed. DDT is called a POP, or persistent organic pollutant, that does not break down quickly in soil or water. In the s and s, the agricultural use of DDT was banned in most developed countries.
It was not banned for disease control.In the passage from “Silent Spring”, by Rachel Carson, she portrays her strong emotions about American’s attitude towards the environment and the mindset obtained that it is justifiable to kill species because of an inconvenience they might cause.
It was one of the rules which, above all others, made Doctor Franklin the most amiable of men in society, "never to contradict anybody." If he was urged to announce an opinion, he did it rather by asking questions, as if for information, or by suggesting doubts.
Silent Spring is a book written by Rachel Carson and published by Houghton Mifflin in September The book is widely credited with launching the environmentalism movement in the West.
The book is widely credited with launching the environmentalism movement in the West. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Silent Spring, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
The Interconnectedness of Life The Precautionary Principle. Written originally for a special issue of The New Yorker and reissued here with a new forward by the author, Within the Context of No Context is George W. S. Trow's brilliant exposition on the state of American culture and twentieth-century life.
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