The 16th-century English herbalist John Gerard referred to sweet potatoes as "common potatoes", and used the terms "bastard potatoes" and "Virginia potatoes" for the species we now call "potato".
Institutional Constraints and Deforestation: An Application to Mexico Study from: Following Norththis article hypothesizes that effective rural institutions may impose additional costs on tropical deforestation through agricultural conversion. This allows a formal agricultural household analysis of institutional constraints on deforestation and therefore a method of empirically testing whether there is any significant difference in the actual level of forest land conversion under institutional constraints [collectively owned and managed land or ejido] compared to the level of conversion under pure open access.
A dynamic panel analysis for agricultural planted area in Mexico at state level and over the —85 period confirms that institutional constraints on land clearing affected deforestation during the pre-NAFTA era [ie institutional constraints limited agricultural expansion compared to pure open access].
Institutional constraints and deforestation: An application to Mexico. This paper examines evidence of the effects of economic liberalization and globalization on rural resource degradation in developing countries. The principal resource effects of concern are processes of land use change leading to forestland conversion, degradation and deforestation.
Such reforms have clearly spurred agroindustrialization, rural development and economic growth, but there is also concern that there may be direct and indirect impacts on rural resource degradation.
However, there may also be indirect effects if agroindustrial development displaces landless, near-landless and rural poor generally, who then migrate to marginal agricultural lands and forest frontier regions.
This paper explores these direct and indirect effects of globalization and agroindustrialization on rural resource degradation both generally, plus through examining case study evidence.
The paper focuses in particular on the examples of structural adjustment, trade liberalization and agricultural development in Ghana, and maize sector liberalization in Mexico under North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA.
Links between economic liberalization and rural resource degradation in the developing regions.
Mexico El Salto Region Abstract: In this analysis the costs and benefits received by the owners of the land in ejido La Victoria, where a dam is to be built, were compared.
Scenarios were analyzed considering the inclusion of subsidies and government transfers to the ejidatarios if necessary, to encourage their cooperation, by allowing to build the dam on their land and accepting to perform actions for the maintenance and conservation of protective vegetation in the microbasin, for the 60 years comprising project.
In this case the costs are assumed by the Ejidatarios and by the government. Spain Murcia and Turkey Karapinaralso: Cape Verde, Mexico, Turkey Eski?
This can sometimes means that SLM technologies are only adopted across small areas. This case study focuses on workshops in which stakeholders evaluated the performance of SLM technologies based on scientific monitoring and modelling results.
We analysed workshop outcomes from 15 dryland study sites to evaluate how scientific and model results affected perceptions of local SLM technologies, assessing the potential of this approach in facilitating wider acceptance and implementation of SLM.In order to monitor the status of implementation of the GHS, the secretariat has started to collect information publicly available from various sources (reports from members of the GHS Sub-Committee or NGOs, reports submitted to or issued by other United Nations organs, programs or specialized agencies (UNECE, UNITAR, IMO, ICAO, UNEP, WHO, ILO) or other intergovernmental organizations.
Please find a list of our global and regional case studies below. To access the country-specific case studies please click on the round beige (scientific case studies), blue (business case studies) or beige-blue (scientific and business case studies) icons directing you to a list of case studies of the chosen country.
HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) is the internationally recognized risk-based system for managing food safety. As described in the Codex Alimentarius, HACCP provides the general principles of food hygiene from primary production through final consumption, highlighting key .
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Comments like your motivate to make more instructional materials like this list. I created the list for a Hotel and Restaurant ESL class but knowing it would ultimately be shared with a wider audience on the internet caused me to put the extra effort into the project.
Weeds & Escapee Plants Of the 24 introduced plants currently in New Zealand, 10% will establish in the wild, and 10% of these will become serious weeds.